Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that is different from the gender assigned to them at birth. Some transgender people who want medical help for the transition from one gender to another identify as transsexual. Transgender, often abbreviated as trans, is also an umbrella term; In addition to people whose gender identity is the opposite of their assigned gender (trans men and trans women), people who are not binary or genderqueer can also be included. Other definitions of transgender include people who belong to a third gender or conceptualize transgender people as a third gender. The term transgender can be defined very broadly to include crossdressers.
Being transgender is different from sexual orientation. Transgender people may identify as heterosexual (heterosexual), homosexual (gay or lesbian), bisexual, asexual or otherwise, or refuse to describe their sexual orientation. The opposite of transgender is cisgender, which describes individuals whose gender identity matches their assigned gender.
The extent to which individuals feel genuine, authentic and comfortable in their outward appearance and accept their real identity has been called transgender congruence. Many transgender people experience gender dysphoria, and some seek medical treatments such as hormone replacement therapy, sex reassignment surgery, or psychotherapy. Not all transgender people want these treatments, and some cannot perform them for financial or medical reasons.
Many transgender people are discriminated against in the workplace and in access to public housing and in health care. In many places they are not legally protected against discrimination.
Transgender Pride flag
The Transgender Pride flag was designed by Monica Helms and first displayed at a Pride Parade in Phoenix, Arizona, USA in 2000.
The flag represents the transgender community and consists of five horizontal stripes, two light blue, two pink, with a white stripe in the middle.
Monica describes the meaning of the flag as follows:
“The light blue is the traditional color for babies, pink is for girls, and the white in the middle is for those who are in transition, those who feel they have a neutral sex or no gender, and those who are intersex. The pattern is such that no matter in which direction you fly it, it will always be correct. This symbolizes our attempt to find correctness in our own lives.”